What are the causes of cleft lip? Is it hereditary?
Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital malformations that are provided but need not always be hereditary. This means that the baby will be born with the malformation, it occurs during embryonic development but not always hereditary. It can also be due to environmental factors, see for example a tumor during pregnancy to pressure the baby can alter its correct formation. Has seen little correlation between higher maternal age and increased incidence of occurrence of these malformations and certain antiepileptic drugs was that they had a direct relationship with a higher probability of occurrence of them.
What kind of problems does the patient?
The truth is that the problems that these alterations in the morphology of the baby cause in patients are many and varied, but it is important to emphasize a couple who just learned that their baby will be born with this malformation, which do not all have to to appear. In our area in particular in the field of dentistry, we will see changes in the way biting, changes in the tooth itself, in the shape, number, a higher incidence of caries, alterations in facial contour, how they grow the jaws, and other aspects of health hearing loss can have a talk a little more nasal which means you'll hear these children talking in a voice that eludes the air in the sound or More oral breathing that can impact the body position and ultimately cause problems in the spine.
What is the treatment?
Cleft lip treatments and lip-palate fissures are generally multidisciplinary treatments in which the orthodontist is only part of the team. In the center of this multidisciplinary team the patient and family is, but should listen to health professionals that are at end of the day those who have scientific knowledge. The team management will fall to surgeons who are at the end of the take riskier decisions about the patient's health. Disciplines ranging to treat these patients; ENT doctors, speech therapists, osteopaths, orthodontists, surgeons. To us orthodontists will like us to see the evolution of the baby from birth. Typically, we treat them in mixed dentition when they start erupting permanent teeth and skeletal growth over with patient. However the retention of the orthodontic lifetime will recommend annual visits.