After puberty in most cases refers acne. However,¿happens when the skin lesion removed this leaves behind a multitude of scars that disfigure and tunnels and alter the surface of our face?
The disease is cured but the consequences linger. Acne affects mostly skin areas with higher density of sebaceous glands. Among them we can include the face, chest and upper back. The presence of pustules and nodules in some cases leads to scarring that can leave terrible marks on the skin.
Acne scars are the result of infection and inflammation of the skin which in most cases have not been cured properly. Acne can leave scars for life.
Prevention of acne scars
Today, the scars caused by acne can be treated due to the many advances in the field of cosmetic. Annoying brands suffering men and women can be eliminated in our days with various techniques. This topic is vital to clarify that to prevent the formation of unsightly scars is these basics that removed the person to stop pimples and blackheads because the only thing that would accomplish is to spread the infection and cause marks varying intensity. Prevention plays an important role to avoid risks.
Types of acne scars
Generally speaking there are two kinds of scars: pigmented scars and that vulgar way are called"holes or wells".
They are spots that persist once the grain has disappeared or shin. These pigmented spots acquire rosacea or brown color coloring spoiling the face. This type of scarring is quite common in darker skin, although it is true that this type of skin is less prone to acne. It can be said therefore that the darker skin is the largest no tendency to suffer this problem.
holes or wells
Cavities or voids are formed in the skin due to acne lesions more or less consideration and in most cases they have been infected with pus. The person affected by this problem then pressed grains generating such scars.
Ways to remove acne scars
Although proper treatment for acne may reduce to a minimum the scars, there are currently several methods and techniques that effectively remove marks caused by this skin lesion. These include dermabrasion, dermabrasion, microdermabrasion and laser treatment with Co2.
The peeling involves the application of different substances on the skin in order to exfoliate more extensive layers of the skin. It is an English word that comes from the verb"peel: Peel" ;, ie skin raise figuratively. Peels not only remove acne scars - depending on its intensity - but are used with excellent results in the field of aesthetics to remove wrinkles and blemishes blur. The surgical time peeling depends on its power of penetration and treated extension. It should be noted that a further increased risk. Anesthesia for their use is generally accurate, although in some cases for a most profound type of phenol peeling is often used deep sedation. This procedure produces itching sensation at first, followed by redness, crusting and changes in skin sensation. Importantly, if there is a kind of deep peeling, this should be done in the OR with hospitalization of 1-2 days. The recovery of the skin depends largely on the peeling used ranging from 1 day, the easiest, up to six months the deepest. In the case where phenol has been used a permanent whitening of the skin and a failure to re- tanning occurs.
Dermabrasion is a treatment that is based on removing the epidermis and superficial dermis. Traditionally paper wet or dry sandpaper was used, but has been replaced today by devices with manually operated wheel drive. The materials used for dermabrasion gypsum may be from aluminum oxide crystals, although the most widely used at present are bonded diamond grinding engine 12,000 to 15,000 revolutions per minute. It is possible that after the use of this technique a slight hypo- pigmentation in the treated area occurs.
The chemical exfoliation is often performed to treat those who suffer skin scars caused by acne. This type of exfoliation is to remove the top layer of the skin by use of a chemical. It is one of the best techniques to remove surface scars because the skin regenerates and significantly improves its appearance.
Infrared and Laser Co2 Laser
The technique of surface or infrared laser and CO2 laser was investigated and put into practice by many dermatologists considerable success for which is already used in many other fields of medicine and science. Both of them are considered photo- therapeutic treatments. The basic differences between the infrared laser and CO2 laser are the depth at which they work and the effects they have on the skin. Infrared works at a more superficial level so is suitable for milder acne sequels.
The Co2 laser unlike laser or infrared surface is more effective in removing deep and serious sequelae of acne as it works to a greater depth. In turn this is a method that produces more severe burns on the skin so it is more painful. Such phototherapeutic treatment, is ablative ie vaporizes the skin surface to promote and achieve the formation of new tissue. Co2 laser treatment requires anesthesia and once completed it is essential that the patient wear a protective bandage the treated area. This dressing may be removed 1 to 2 weeks elapsed depending on the sensitivity of the skin. It is vital that his skin after the treatment- not exposed to sunlight because it is new fully regenerate tissues that need to avoid the appearance of spots.
Today they have also begun to use non - ablative laser vaporize those without the skin- surface with good results. Studies at the University of North Western also confirmed. For this type of laser is not required suffice anesthesia and an average of 5 sessions at 3-week intervals to remove scars. Laser treatments are contraindicated for all those people whose skin is dark or have some kind of risk of hyper- pigmentation.
Both treatment with infrared laser as the CO2 laser are effective solutions to remove scars and marks caused by acne, these being used in many prestigious aesthetic clinics.
The rhytidectomy is a fairly common technique in surgery clinics and beauty centers. The rhytidectomy is basically a stretching of the skin. It is used in most cases when there is a severe laxity or sagging skin, getting magnificent results in the removal of blemishes, scars and other consequences caused by acne. This technique develops plastic surgery operating room with a mild local anesthetic and requires only a few hours spent in the hospital or clinic.
This technique is based on injecting a collagen type extracted from the cow and this purified. The purpose of this implant is to replace the natural collagen that has been lost and consequently fill the scars caused by acne. In some cases you can replace bovine tissue by other materials such as hyaluronic acid, polymethylmethacrylate microspheres I metacrolado, silicones or gora - tex etc.. For more superficial scars can also use lipocolageno laboratory and cultured autologous fibroblasts.
These are small skin grafts are intended to replace scarred skin. Initially the skin is punctured to remove the scars to later replace it with a graft case in which the tissue normally the ear lobe is removed.
autologous fat transfer
In this case, the fat from different parts of the body, is injected into the skin is used and so complete and correct defects caused by acne. This fat is injected under the skin surface in order to elevate depressed scars. In some cases it is possible that after the use of this method one reabsorption of fat so it would be necessary to repeat the operation occurs.