What are voice changes and what types can be distinguished?
The speech disorders, or voice disorders are those diseases which are caused by an alteration of the larynx and its related organs, leading from the nostrils to the start of the trachea. It is not considered a disorder of voice, it would be really upset voice, speech language, not only an injury of the larynx itself, because the larynx is the principal organ to produce the voice but not the only, for example, also involved the cavities resonance, as would be the nostrils, as would be the oropharynx, hypopharynx as would. We can distinguish essentially two, the voice changes into two groups, those that are functional and those that are organic.
That is those in which we find an organic disorder, a malformation, an anatomic disruption of the normal structure of the larynx and structures that produce the voice. Those would be organic. And where we find no organic disorder would be functional. The generic name of the voice disorders would dysphonia, functional and organic dysphonia dysphonia. And within organic would be the best known would be the nodules, polyps, cysts, edema, etc.. In turn, the functional dysphonia are divided into congenital, that is, you are born with them, and learned to be a voice misuse.
What are its causes and what symptoms occur?
The main causes of voice disorders, ultimately, the main causes of dysphonia is usually the one hand, use or abuse of the voice, for example, teachers, singers, namely in professional voice. And then there is another group of very important causes that usually the snuff. And the third important group is gastroesophageal reflux. The main symptoms or so patient comes to us, otolaryngologist, usually by a change of voice, dysphonia. He struggles to finish sentences, tired, fatigued, or he has changed his tone.
How can we treat speech disorders?
Treatment of voice disorders includes three groups. On one hand would medical or drug treatment, on the other hand rehabilitation or speech therapy treatment, and secondly surgical treatment. Most of the time only one type of treatment are made, but the three together it would be a mixed variant. Medical treatment includes mainly mucolytics, corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory. The speech therapy is that the patient will have to deal with a professional who works with us is the speech therapist, who tries to rehabilitate, to change the vocal gesture. And finally be surgically surgical treatment by surgery solve this change, there is the structural alteration in the larynx. I must say that surgical treatment usually solves the 10 or 20% of voice disorders. Most often it resolves with drug therapy or speech therapy.