diverticula of the colon are small dilations (like tea bags) that form in the colon wall. They are caused by increased pressure inside the intestine and the weakness of the wall, just as might occur in a flat.
The diverticula are frequently located in the sigma, which is the end of the colon to the rectum before ( in the lower left abdomen ). They are a very common finding and have more than half of people over 60 years. A diet high in fiber ( fruits and vegetables) reduces the risk of having diverticula to improve bowel movements.
The existence of diverticula of the colon is not a problem in itself because many people does not cause them any discomfort. In other patients appear annoyances like &ldquo,&rdquo intestinal spasm similar to what occurs in the syndrome of irritable bowel. Rarely, diverticula become inflamed and cause abdominal pain and fever;in these cases whether to conduct special tests and specific treatment with antibiotics.
When repeated episodes of inflammation or complications appear (such as perforation, bleeding or collections of pus) should be performed surgery to remove the area of the colon where the diverticula are.