The CLOTHING method, which responds to the acronym for Recipient Oocyte Partner, is a form included within the means of assisted reproduction, by which, in a couple women, one of them contributes oocytes and the other is the recipient of embryos formed.
In female couples logically have to resort to the use of donor sperm, either for artificial insemination or a fertilization in vitro. In both situations, only one of the women of the family would be directly involved in the process of pregnancy, unlike the method CLOTHING.
Using this technique, one of the women of the couple undergoes a process of ovarian stimulation for delivering the oocyte that is fertilized with the sperm of a donor, and through IVF, embryos resulting from fertilization are transferred the uterus of another woman, who is who finally become pregnant. Thus, A contributes the genetic load ( oocyte), and the other gets pregnant, both taking an active role in the whole process.
Advantages and disadvantages of the method CLOTHING
The participation of more active form of the two women forming a pair is the main advantage of the method CLOTHING, wherein said pair decides what kind of maternity want. The risks of the method are the same as in any process of in vitro fertilization. Women whose ovaries are stimulated could suffer ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, but thanks to current stimulation protocols, the risk is minimal.
Another risk is the multiple pregnancy associated with intrauterine transfer of an embryo more, in addition to legal considerations, such as the method CLOTHING is not legal in all countries.