How can we detect retinal detachment?

Written by: Dra. Catalina Montoya Herran
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The retina is the layer of sensitive tissue that is in the back of the eyeball. It is in the retina where the images that you pass through the lens of the eye are focused.

Retinal detachment is a disease in which the retina, which is the neural structure of the eye and allows the translation of light rays that enter the eye into images, is detached from the outer layers, resulting in poor vision.

There are different causes for retinal detachment, sometimes arising holes that occur directly in the retina, membranes that pull or fracture or by inflammation, which also produces a separation of the layers of the retina. Some of these can be spontaneous and some of them by direct trauma on the eye.

Another cause is the so-called "traction detachment" that usually occurs in patients with uncontrolled diabetes, have a history of retinal surgery or who suffer from chronic inflammation.

How can we detect it?

The patient will usually notice a shadow that does not move anywhere in their field of vision. Before detachment occurs you may see moving blackheads ("flies") or lights (spontaneous flashes of light). You will then see a shadow that may or may not completely cover the vision (depending on the time of evolution or the site in the eye where the detachment begins).

For detection, it is necessary to go to the doctor's office, where the pupil will dilate to determine the damage. Occasionally, some other type of examination may be needed, such as an ocular ultrasound.

Treatment is usually surgical and is considered an emergency.. There are different types of surgeries, depending on the condition of the retina. Only inflammatory retinal detachments are medically managed, ie without surgery.

A patient who is not diagnosed early can definitely lose vision.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Catalina Montoya Herran

Dr. Catalina Montoya Herran is a renowned ophthalmologist with more than 20 years of experience being an expert in Retinal Detachment, Retinopathy, Uveitis and Cataract Surgery, to name a few.

He graduated as Surgeon at CES University , in Medellín. Later he specialized in   Ophthalmology inside the Rodolfo Robles Hospital, in Guatemala. He also has a Fellow in   Retina and Vitreous awarded by the National Ophthalmological Foundation, in Bogotá, Colombia, as well as an Observer in Uveitis at the São Paulo School of Medicine, in São Paulo, Brazil.

She is an assistant to a large number of courses around the world, an exhibitor and is the author of different published works . She was awarded an Honorable Mention by the SCO Magazine .

In addition, he held the position of President of the Colombian Association of Retina and Vitreous.

The extensive career of Dr. Montoya Herran has led her to perform as Scientific Director and Clinical Ophthalmologist in various prestigious institutions.

Thanks to this, Dr. Montoya Herran is recognized as one of the best specialists in Ophthalmology in Medellín.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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